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Ukraine: Kommission legt Pläne für die sofortige Reaktion der Union zur Schließung der Finanzierungslücke der Ukraine und zum längerfristigen Wiederaufbau vor

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The Commission has set out plans in a Communication for the EU’s immediate response to address Ukraine’s financing gap, as well as the longer-term reconstruction framework. This Communication follows from the European Council call to address the consequences of the war in Ukraine via a dedicated Europe-led effort.

Sofortige Antwort und kurzfristige Bedürfnisse

Since the Russian aggression started, the EU has significantly stepped up its support, mobilising around €4.1 billion to support Ukraine’s overall economic, social and financial resilience in the form of macro-financial assistance, budget support, emergency assistance, crisis response and humanitarian aid. Military assistance measures have also been provided under the European Peace Facility, amounting to €1.5bn, that will be used to reimburse Member States for their in-kind military support to Ukraine and the mobilisation of an additional €500 million is under way.

The war resulted in a collapse of tax, export and other revenues, compounded by large scale illegal appropriation of assets and export goods including in the agricultural sector, while essential expenditure skyrocketed. The International Monetary Fund has estimated Ukraine’s balance of payments gap until June at roughly €14.3bn ($15bn).

Addressing Ukraine’s significant short-term financial support to sustain basic services, address humanitarian needs and fix the most essential destroyed infrastructure will require a joint international effort, in which the Union will be ready to play its part.

Die Kommission beabsichtigt daher, vorzuschlagen, der Ukraine im Jahr 2022 zusätzliche Makrofinanzhilfe in Form von Darlehen in Höhe von bis zu 9 Mrd. EUR zu gewähren, die durch Unterstützung anderer bilateraler und multilateraler internationaler Partner, einschließlich der G7, ergänzt werden soll. Diese würden dank der Garantie aus dem Unionshaushalt in Tranchen mit langen Laufzeiten und vergünstigten Zinssätzen ausgezahlt. Um dies zu ermöglichen, sollten sich die Mitgliedstaaten darauf einigen, zusätzliche Garantien bereitzustellen. Zusammen mit der Zuschussunterstützung aus dem EU-Haushalt zur Subventionierung der damit verbundenen Zinszahlungen wird dies eine gut koordinierte und äußerst konzessionäre Unterstützung für die Ukraine sicherstellen.

Wiederaufbau der Ukraine

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A major global financial effort will be required to rebuild the country after the war damage, to create the foundations of a free and prosperous country, anchored in European values, well integrated into the European and global economy, and to support it on its European path. While Russia’s aggression continues, the overall needs for the reconstruction of Ukraine are not yet known. Nevertheless, it is important to design the main building blocks of this international effort already now. Support will have to have a medium to long-term horizon.

Die Wiederaufbaubemühungen sollten von den ukrainischen Behörden in enger Partnerschaft mit der Europäischen Union und anderen wichtigen Partnern wie G7- und G20-Partnern und anderen Drittländern sowie internationalen Finanzinstituten und internationalen Organisationen geleitet werden. Partnerschaften zwischen Städten und Regionen in der Europäischen Union und denen in der Ukraine werden den Wiederaufbau bereichern und beschleunigen.

An international co-ordination platform, the ‘Ukraine reconstruction platform’, unter gemeinsamer Leitung der Kommission, die die Europäische Union vertritt, und der ukrainischen Regierung als übergreifendes strategisches Steuerungsgremium fungieren, das für die Billigung eines von der Ukraine ausgearbeiteten und umgesetzten Wiederaufbauplans mit Unterstützung der Verwaltungskapazitäten und technischer Hilfe durch die EU zuständig wäre. Es würde die unterstützenden Partner und Organisationen zusammenbringen, darunter EU-Mitgliedstaaten, andere bilaterale und multilaterale Partner und internationale Finanzinstitutionen. Das ukrainische Parlament und das Europäische Parlament würden als Beobachter teilnehmen.

The ‘RebuildUkraine’ reconstruction planendorsed by the platform, based on a needs assessment, would become the basis for the European Union and the other partners to determine the priority areas selected for financing and the specific projects. The platform would coordinate the financing sources and their destination to optimise their use, as well as monitor progress in the implementation of the plan.

To support the reconstruction plan, the Commission proposes to set up the ‘RebuildUkraine’ Facility as the main legal instrument for the European Union’s support, through a mix of grants and loans. It would be embedded in the EU budget, thereby ensuring the transparency, accountability and sound financial management of this initiative, with a clear link to investments and reforms. It would build on the EU’s experience under the Recovery and Resilience Facility, but adapted to the unprecedented challenges of reconstructing Ukraine and accompanying it on its European path. The Facility itself would have a specific governance structure ensuring full ownership by Ukraine.

Ein großer Schwerpunkt wird auf Reformen der Rechtsstaatlichkeit und die Bekämpfung von Korruption gelegt, während Investitionen, die an die Klima-, Umwelt- und Digitalpolitik und -standards der EU angepasst werden, der Ukraine helfen werden, gestärkt und widerstandsfähiger aus den Verwüstungen der russischen Invasion hervorzugehen.

Der unvorhergesehene Bedarf, der durch den Krieg in Europa entsteht, übersteigt bei weitem die im derzeitigen mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen verfügbaren Mittel. Daher müssen neue Finanzierungsquellen identifiziert werden.

The architecture suggested is sufficiently flexible to accommodate such new financing sources. The additional grants to be made available to Ukraine could be financed either by additional contributions from Member States (and third countries should they wish to do so) to the Facility and existing Union programmes, thus benefitting from the Union’s financial mechanisms and safeguards for the proper use of funds, or through a targeted revision of the multiannual financial framework. These sources could also finance the loans to be granted to Ukraine under the Facility. However, given the scale of the loans that are likely to be required, options include raising the funds for the loans on behalf of the EU or with Member States national guarantees.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said: “The unprovoked and unjustified Russian invasion of Ukraine has caused terrible human suffering and massive destruction across the country, forcing millions of innocent Ukrainians to flee their homes. Ukraine can count on the EU’s full support. The EU will continue to provide short-term financial support to Ukraine to meet its needs and keep basic services running. And we stand ready to take a leading role in the international reconstruction efforts to help rebuild a democratic and prosperous Ukraine. This means, investments will go hand in hand with reforms that will support Ukraine in pursuing its European path.”

An Economy that Works for People Executive Vice President Valdis Dombrovskis, said: “The EU’s support for Ukraine is unwavering. We will continue using all available means to help our friend and neighbour to resist Russia’s unprovoked and brutal aggression. We need to address both keeping the country running on a daily basis, and working to rebuild the country. To address Ukraine’s most urgent needs, we envisage to provide emergency loans under a new macro-financial assistance programme. In the longer term the EU will lead a major international financial effort to rebuild a free and democratic Ukraine – working with partners such as the G7, international financial institutions and in close co-ordination with Ukraine itself. We will stand with Ukraine at every step of the way, to repair the destruction caused by Russia’s war and to create a brighter future and new opportunities for its people.”

High Representative A Stronger Europe in the World Vice President Josep Borrell said: “The EU will remain steadfast in its solidarity with and support for Ukraine as it defends itself against Russia’s unjustifiable, and illegal war of aggression. We continue to provide Ukraine with military assistance measures.”

Budget and Administration Commissioner Johannes Hahn said: “The European Union will continue to stand by Ukraine and its people and to play a key role in all political, humanitarian, resilience and economic efforts to address the short-term and long-term needs that will bring Ukraine back to peace and socio-economic recovery. I am convinced that the new “Ukraine reconstruction platform” led jointly by Ukraine and the Commission, as well as our proposed ‘RebuildUkraine’ Facility, will help offer Ukraine a better future. This will be done in close coordination with all donors.”

Economy Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni said: “The destruction Russia has unleashed on Ukraine has no precedent in postwar Europe; nor does its disregard for the international order so painstakingly constructed over decades. Today the European Commission is setting out a path to help a new Ukraine rise from the ashes of war, just as our Union emerged from the rubble of 1945. Together with the Ukrainian authorities and in cooperation with our international partners, we will mobilise the funding Ukraine needs to ride out this storm – and to ‘build back better’ its economic and social infrastructure.”

Neighbourhood and Enlargement Commissioner Olivér Várhelyi said: “In the last weeks we have witnessed the terrible loss of lives and the devastation this war caused in the infrastructure in Ukraine. We have swiftly mobilised assistance and are committed to support rebuilding Ukraine. The reconstruction should fully reflect the needs identified by Ukraine and be firmly anchored in the country’s reform agenda.”

Hintergrund

The EU’s commitment to supporting Ukraine is long-standing and has delivered results. The EU has provided significant financial assistance to Ukraine, which over the years from 2014 to 2021 amounted to €1.7bn in grants under the European Neighbourhood Instrument, €5.6bn under five macro-financial assistance programmes in the form of loans, €194m in humanitarian aid and €355m from foreign policy instruments. The EU provides its support to Ukraine for policy development and comprehensive reforms, with strong involvement from member states in a Team Europe approach. Among the flagship programmes are those on decentralization, public administration reform and anti-corruption.

Vor und während des Krieges hat die EU eng mit europäischen Finanzinstituten zusammengearbeitet, um die Ukraine zu unterstützen. Seit 2014 haben die Europäische Investitionsbank und die Europäische Bank für Wiederaufbau und Entwicklung Kredite in Höhe von über 10 Mrd. EUR für die Ukraine mobilisiert. In den letzten Wochen hat die Europäische Investitionsbank 668 Millionen Euro an den ukrainischen Haushalt ausgezahlt. Die EU arbeitet auch eng mit der Weltbank und dem Internationalen Währungsfonds zusammen, die seit 2014 wichtige Partner bei den Bemühungen der Ukraine sind.

Mehr Infos

Mitteilung: Hilfe und Wiederaufbau in der Ukraine

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