Vernetzen Sie sich mit uns

Wirtschaft

Das Vertrauen in Europa wächst

SHARE:

Veröffentlicht

on

Im Januar stieg der Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) sowohl in der EU (auf 1.4) als auch im Euroraum (auf 90.6) um 89.2 Punkte 1. In der EU verbesserte sich das Vertrauen in Dienstleistungen, Bauwesen, Einzelhandel und bei den Verbrauchern, während es sich in der Industrie leicht verschlechterte. Im Euroraum nahm das Vertrauen in Bauwesen, Dienstleistungen und bei den Verbrauchern zu und blieb in Industrie und Einzelhandel weitgehend unverändert. In beiden Regionen stieg der ESI den dritten Monat in Folge, liegt aber weiterhin deutlich unter seinem langjährigen Durchschnitt. Unter den sieben größten EU-Mitgliedstaaten verzeichnete der ESI einen Anstieg in Deutschland (+2.5), den Niederlanden (+1.0) und Spanien ( +0.5) und Großbritannien (+0.5). Sie blieb in Italien unverändert und in Frankreich weitgehend stabil (‑0.3), während sie sich in Polen (-1.3) verschlechterte.

Confidence in industry deteriorated slightly in the EU (-0.5) and remained broadly stable in the euro area (+0.3). The benign development in the euro area is due to more positive assessments of stocks of finished products and better production expectations, while the assessment of the current level of overall order books deteriorated. In the EU, the decline in confidence was driven by more negative assessments of stocks of finished products and current levels of overall order books, while production expectations remained unchanged. In both areas, the current level of export order books was assessed markedly more negatively. Managers’ assessment of their companies’ past production improved slightly in the euro area and remained unchanged in the EU.

Confidence in services increased (markedly) in the EU (+3.7) and the euro area (+1.0), fuelled by higher demand expectations and a better assessment of the past business situation. Managers’ views on past demand improved in the EU and remained broadly stable in the euro area. Confidence in retail trade increased in the EU (+0.8) and remained broadly unchanged in the euro area (+0.3). In the EU, business expectations improved and the volume of stocks was seen more positively while the perceived present business situation remained broadly stable. In the euro area, the strong increase in the expected business situation more than offset the more negative assessments of the current volume of stocks and present business situation. Confidence in the construction sector improved markedly in both the EU (+3.9) and the euro area (+4.6). In both areas, the increase was driven by both components of the confidence indicator, i.e. order books and employment expectations.

Die Beschäftigungsaussichten wurden in beiden Regionen in allen Sektoren weniger pessimistisch bewertet. Für Industrie und Dienstleistungen im Euroraum waren die Verbesserungen jedoch gering. Die Verkaufspreiserwartungen gingen in beiden Regionen und branchenübergreifend zurück, mit Ausnahme der EU-Einzelhändler, die Preiserhöhungen vorsahen.

Consumer confidence increased in both the EU (+2.0) and the euro area (+2.4). These developments are underpinned by all components. In both regions, pessimism about the future general economic situation and unemployment trends eased significantly and respondents’ expectations about their households’ financial situation and their savings over the next 12 months improved.

Confidence in financial services, which is not included in the ESI, increased in both the EU (+1.0) and the euro area (+2.6). The increases were driven mainly by improved assessments of past demand and significantly better demand expectations. Managers’ assessment of the past business situation improved in the euro area and deteriorated in the EU.

In the quarterly survey of the manufacturing industry, carried out in January, industrial managers in the EU and the euro area reported no changes in the number of months of production assured by orders on hand compared with the previous survey carried out in October. However, their assessment of new orders was much more positive and export volume expectations were significantly higher. Managers’ appraisal of their competitive position on foreign markets outside the EU improved in the EU but deteriorated in the euro area. The balance of managers reporting more than sufficient, rather than insufficient, production capacity decreased. Accordingly, capacity utilisation improved slightly, to 77.6% in the EU and 77.2% in the euro area.

Werbung

 

Anna van Densky

Teile diesen Artikel:

EU Reporter veröffentlicht Artikel aus einer Vielzahl externer Quellen, die ein breites Spektrum an Standpunkten zum Ausdruck bringen. Die in diesen Artikeln vertretenen Positionen sind nicht unbedingt die von EU Reporter.
Werbung

Trending